Elementary Yoga Practice

There are some simple practices that will be found common to all yogic teaching of Hatha Yoga.

Preparation before exercising includes having an empty stomach, and suitable clothing before the


All physical practices in Yoga require some preliminary limbering movements to prepare for the Asanas and in order to prevent muscular strain and injury to tendons. There is no specific breath control required with these as total attention is upon awareness of the muscles.

Preparation for Lotus and x legged positions – involving limbering exercises to ankles, knees and groin

Lunge exercises to stretch achilles tendons, groin and thighs

Limbering forward to stretch hamstrings through exercises involving legs and feet

Gentle limbering of the spine to prepare for further spinal movement


The importance of these basic positions requires constant work until they can be achieved with comfort.

Good Standing Posture – Tadasana for every-day application

Seated Posture – upright cross legged Asana or upright in chair for breath control and meditation

Comfortable Prone Posture – lying in Savasana for Relaxation or Yoga Nidra (“the yogi’s sleep”)

Inverted Posture – Sarvangasana or modified to increase circulation of blood to the brain

Beginners are carefully tutored before assuming inverted positions because of possible medical conditions.  Children are to hold for short time only.

In good physical fitness regular practise of this Asana is encouraged.


These are included in all general practice and classwork exercises to help maintain youth

Forward bending –for example, Paschimottanasana

Side Bending Posture –for example, Nitambasana

Twisting Posture –for example, Matsyendrasana

Back bending – for example, Cobra, or Camel  – Bhujangasana or Ustrasana


Special attention to respiration used in exercising and in Asanas is designed to replace energy expended and ensure total refreshment of mind and body.

Specific exercises in Pranayama are routinely included in preparation for relaxation and meditation to calm the nervous system.

It is anticipated that each teacher uses knowledge of traditional techniques that have been applied and tested through personal experience. The teacher is responsible for modifying techniques and guiding students appropriately, in relaxation and meditation as well as physical disciplines. It is important that the spiritual aim is seen as integral to all the yogic disciplines.

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